When the villagers of Thumbo ka Golia ran out of potable water early in the summer of 2015, Mahavir Singh, President of the village’s Jal Sabha supplied water for free. Thanks to the construction of a nearby sand dam, in November 2013, 103 wells surrounding a four kilometer radius of his property generated “sweet water” for drinking and irrigation.
Prior to the sand dam, the groundwater in Thumbo ka Golia was too saline and at times too deep to access. From 2014 to 2015, the groundwater level increased by about 1 m. Back in 2005, Rajasthan’s Public Health and Engineering Department supplied the village with water from tube wells; however, the groundwater remained mostly unfit for consumption and didn’t receive enough recharge to dilute or “sweeten” the well.
By 2015, villagers were seeing returns on their investment. Groundwater increased both in volume and quality.